Nevertheless, the reported million is still a very large number; and when one considers this in light of Facebook's numbers as well as the users reported by a wide range of other social media platforms, it becomes clear that social media is a fully integrated part of modern social life , to the point that most people would feel very lost if these media were to suddenly disappear from their lives.
This fact, however, opens the doors to the development of potentially serious psychological problems. Sometimes, when one talks about social media use in these times, it is almost easy to forget that one is not talking about a drug, due to the fact that the language used when talking about one is often similar to the language used when talking about the other. There is the problem of addiction , for example. As Elgan has put the matter, for example:.
Social networks are massively addictive. Most people I know check and interact with the social sites constantly throughout the day. And they have no idea how much actual time they spend on social media.
If you're a social media addict, and your addiction is getting worse, there's a reason for that: In short, people get hooked on social media, and then they just keep increasingly coming back for more. Comparing this kind of social media to usage is something more than just a metaphor.
As David Foster Wallace has made clear through his novel Infinite Jest , addiction in the modern world can take many forms: That novel was written before the advent of social media, and it is a shame that Wallace is no longer around to provide a commentary on this new social and cultural phenomenon.
What is clear, though, is that an addiction is conceptually when: In this context, it is clear that one can, and that many people do, get addicted to social media. It is now worth turning to the connections between social media use and the psychological phenomena of anxiety and depression.
Social media essentially provide platforms through which people look at and comment on each other lives, often at all times and often without any of the social responsibility that one might exert within one's own physical, everyday life. This is an inherently anxiety-generating situation, insofar as one of the main causes of anxiety is the realization that is one being seen as an object by others, and that one must take care to make the right impression at all times.
Of course, this is a dynamic that is a natural part of social interactions in general. However, the dynamic is heightened exponentially on social media platforms, due to the fact not only that one is never entirely sure who is watching one's performance, but also that it is so easy to make a serious faux pas at any time, and often due to simply technical reasons. Another social anxiety triggered by online media is the fear of missing out; pictures of a party where the user was not invited, or yet another wedding they weren't able to attend thanks to their grueling work schedule can take a toll on self-esteem, say mental health specialists.
Of course, part of the irony here is that the more time that one spends on social media watching other people live, the less time one has to actually generate one's own new and valuable experiences within the real world. The anxiety produced by the fear of missing out is thus a kind of self-perpetuating snare, since the more time one spends on social media cultivating this fear, the more likely one actually is to be missing out on actual life.
This kind of downward spiral is also characteristic of all forms of addiction; and this kind of anxiety thus provides good evidence that it is legitimate to speak about fixation to social media as a very real form of addiction.
Extended use of social media is also known to cause depression in users. To a large extent, this is because people on social media have a tendency to compare the images of other people's lives—almost always positive, due to the natural dynamics of self-presentation—to the messy, often less-than-perfect nature of their own realities. This comparison produces depression, since social media users begin to believe that everyone else is much happier and having much more fun than they are see Konnikova.
Of course, there is a deep fallacy present here: However, when it comes to researching the impacts of social media in education, most of the research has been focusing the most popular social network i.
The role of social media in education has been a hot area of research for years now. The question of whether social media plays a positive or negative role in academia is still debatable among social media and education researchers. However, this issue is multifaceted and the answer is not that simple. One of the independent variables is whether a student uses social media platforms or not. Another independent variable can be the amount of time spent on these social media.
The major questions to be answered by this research are the following:. The major questions to be answered by this research are the following: The Internet has created a whole new world of social communications or social networking for young people who are using e-mail, Web sites, instant messaging, chat rooms and text messaging to stay in touch with friends and make new ones.
While most interactions are positive, new technologies have given young people a new and powerful platform from which to target peers through social networking. One effect that social networking have brought to the society is cyber bullying.
What is Cyber bullying? To begin with there are a lot of reasons why social networking causes cyber bullying. According to Rebecca Sweeney Online Conference on Networks and Communities, , social networking has been used as a platform for bullies to say things they might not usually say to someone in person. This is because they do not have the feeling of fear anymore since there is anonymity and no physical proximity on the victims.
Bullies could just easily contact or attack their victims. These attacks include receiving threatening messages; having their private emails or text messages forwarded without consent; having an embarrassing picture posted without permission; or having rumours about them spread online.
Another, bullies can come in online contact with their victims anytime, anywhere, day or night and not just in a school yard; making online bullying more accessible. Also, bullies have this feeling of confidence whenever they are online due to the lack of fear already, enabling them to do what they want and it has a very wide audience who can be able to witness the whole bullying events.
In addition, cyber bullying has also turned the usual image of "the bully" on its head; it's no longer only the "tough kids" who may act aggressively — it can just as easily be the shy, quiet types, hidden behind their computers making victims of cyber bullying.
There are a lot of different cases on how cyber bullies target their victims through social networking and according to a study, young people are most likely to encounter cyber bullying through instant messaging, followed by e-mail, Web sites for games and social networking.
Like for example, in one case students used a camera-enabled cell phone to take a photo of an overweight classmate in the shower after gym. The picture was distributed throughout the school via posting it on a social networking site.
Due to accessibility of social networking it contributed to the worsening of the problem of the victim. Another on social networking sites, you can easily tag images with the names of people who are in the photo. This is due to profile settings that do not protect sufficient access to them.
It was also researched that a quarter of youth who perpetrate cyber bullying are teenagers who have also bullied others offline. However, the remaining three quarters do not bully others in person — implying that the Internet has empowered youth who would never consider bullying anyone in the physical world to do so in the virtual world.
What is personal fraud? This is used through fraud or deception usually for personal gain Webster, n. This information disclosure causes a huge problem as the more information you have on your profile the easier it is for posers to verify themselves as being you.
The second main issue is the privacy settings on these social networking sites also help facilitate personal fraud. While there are built in features that allow users to change their privacy settings and not allow other users to view such personal details, these settings are never default, so that users are usually unaware how much information they are sharing not only with their friends, but with the rest of the world. According to Gonzalez, M.
Once someone has your password they can use it to destroy your profile or send out spam messages and viruses, which could do irreparable damage to your online reputation. Another case is when status updates posted on Twitter, Facebook and many other social media sites can be used by criminals. Another is with the trending style today of telling people through social networking sites almost everything they've done like updating posts like out of town or on vacation, this just opened themselves up for burglary.
If it was also mentioned that they're away for a business on a weekend, it may leave family open to assault or robbery. When it comes to stalking or stealing an identity, use of photo- and video-sharing sites like Flickr and YouTube provide deeper insights into the victim, his or her family, friends, properties, favorite hobbies and interests. Cyber bullying and personal frauds lead to several problems: There are a lot of reasons why it causes depression among teenagers.
According to Sweeney, R. Also, unlike traditional forms of bullying, youth who are the targets of cyber bullying at school are at greater risk for depression than are the youth who bully them, according to a survey conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. The new finding is in contrast to earlier studies of traditional bullying, which found that the highest depression scores were reported by another category of youth involved in bullying-bully victims.
Past studies on traditional bullying show that bully-victims — those who both bully others and are bullied themselves — are more likely to report feelings of depression than are other groups. Traditional forms of bullying involve physical violence, verbal taunts, or social exclusion. Cyber bullying, or electronic aggression, involves aggressive behaviour communicated over a computer or a cell phone.
It was noted by one author who wrote in the Journal of Adolescent Health that cyber victims are reported to have higher depression than cyber bullies or bully-victims, which was not found in any other form of bullying unlike traditional bullying which usually involves a face-to-face confrontation, cyber victims may not see or identify their harasser; as such, cyber victims may be more likely to feel isolated, dehumanized or helpless at the time of the attack.
Victim of cyber bullying can also experience the symptoms of depression including sadness, loneliness, insecurity, poor self-esteem, and academic decline, feelings of not belonging and suicidal thoughts and behaviour. Nancy Willard, author of Cyber bullying and Cyber threats: Responding to the Challenge of Online Social Aggression, Threats, and Distress, indicates that the effects of cyber bullying may be more damaging than in-school bullying because cyber bullied children do not have the opportunity to escape the harassment.
Due to the anonymous nature of some Internet harassment, victims may not be able to identify their harasser and feel that everyone is against them. In addition, it can cause a teen to feel totally trapped, because the bully can appear anywhere - day or night. For example, a cyber-bully can post mean or taunting messages on a teen's Facebook page for everyone to see. A bully can set up a web page, blog, or other online presence that is against a particular teenage peer.
Embarrassing accidents or incidents such as tripping or stuttering can be filmed or the teen can even be set up for such an "accident" and then filmed or photographed , then posted on video sites like YouTube, played over and over while people laugh and comment. It can make a teen feel like there is no escape. This mental anguish can result in depression. It also brings fear and instills a traumatic experience to the victim due to the feeling of being downgraded and teased at that was being exposed to a wide population.
Depression also results when victimized from personal fraud or identity theft. One example, it is not easy to regain a damaged reputation and worst, victims cannot aware all the people who have seen or have witness the damaged. In some cases, other people may still assume and may not be aware that it is already a poser. They may continue to interact with that poser thinking that it is they're "friend" or "family.
It is also very difficult for the victim's part to let people believe that it is no longer him or her using his or her account that has already been hacked or used by a poser. And with this it raises more problems on the victim's part.
Another is when victims have lost a great amount of money on investing on certain stuff but then they were just scammed, and this was done through social networking. It not only damaged the reputation on the victim's part but it also embarrassed him or her. Cyber bullying and personal frauds also lead to isolation. It weakens strong ties between the family, friends and even the people surrounding the victim because of the fear inside the victim making him or her becoming less productive in society.
Like, they don't seem to have a very active peer group. They are not doing things with peers on the weekends or talking much to peers. They may have on line peers but not the kind that allow face to face interactions. Like many teenagers they spend a great deal of time in their rooms away from family but don't have the other part of needing to be with their peers.
Because of suffering the consequences of being a victim of cyber bullying and personal fraud, they find it too difficult to seek out others.
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